29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann Outburst November 19, 2020

The British Astronomical Association (BAA) announced that comet/centaur 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann underwent an outburst of approximately three magnitudes on November 19, 2020. Richard Miles is coordinating a monitoring program for this object. Photometric observations by Jean-François Soulier, Nick James, and Denis Buczynski and others are plotted in the post by Nick James at the following link: https://britastro.org/node/25061

Additional observations are encouraged.

Interpreting the time axis of the plot:
Julian Date 2459100 = 2020-Sep-07 12:00:00 UT
Julian Date 2459173.28 = 2020-Nov-19 18:43:12 UT

Jean-François Soulier reported 29P magnitude on 2020-Nov-18 17:30 UT at nuclear magnitude 16.0 as posted on the French Lesia website.
https://lesia.obspm.fr/comets/lib/display-obs1.php?Num=22650

Outbursts from 29P typically occur several times per year just as it has since its 1927 discovery by Arnold Schwassmann and Arno Arthur Wachmann at the Hamburg Observatory in Hamburg, Germany.

29P is a fun object to observe.

The coma typically develops an expansion shell that grows asymmetrically in size with time with expansion velocity near 0.13 km/s.

Many professional observers have studied 29P through the decades.
Elizabeth Roemer and Fred Whipple have written many papers on 29P.
29P has been observed with both the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes.

The orbit of 29P is of low eccentricity or nearly circular such that heliocentric distance or time from perihelion does not seem to correlate with when it will outburst. It orbits in the centaur region between Jupiter and Saturn.


Name: 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann
Packed Designation: 0029P
Epoch: 20201027
Perihelion Date T: 2019 03 18.0541 = JD 2458560.5541
Perihelion Distance q: 5.76772 AU
Semimajor axis a = 6.034925 AU
Aphelion distance Q: 6.302134 AU
Eccentricity e: 0.04428
Inclination: 9.3668 degrees
Argument of Perihelion: 48.5310 degrees
Longitude of Ascending Node: 312.3751 degrees
H0: 4.0
N: 4.0
Reference: MPEC 2020-U96
Jupiter Tisserand Parameter Tj: 2.9853
Taken from orbital elements in MPC Comet.dat

There are several theories on the outburst mechanism, the size of it nucleus, and estimates of its rotational period.

References:
Roemer, E., An Outburst of Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 70, No. 414, p.272
Bibliographic Code: 1958PASP…70..272R
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1958PASP…70..272R

Whipple, F. L., Rotation and outbursts of comet P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, Astronomical Journal, vol. 85, Mar. 1980, p. 305-313.
Bibliographic Code: 1980AJ…..85..305W
http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1980AJ…..85..305W

Hosek, Matthew W., Jr.; Blaauw, Rhiannon C.; Cooke, William J.; Suggs, Robert M., Outburst Dust Production of Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, The Astronomical Journal, Volume 145, Issue 5, article id. 122, 8 pp. (2013).
DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/145/5/122
Bibliographic Code: 2013AJ….145..122H
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AJ….145..122H

Schambeau, Charles Alfred;Fernandez, Yanga R.; Samarasinha, Nalin H.; Kundu, Arunav; Analysis of Hubble Space Telescope Observations of an Outburst of Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #48, id.#301.03 (10/2016)
Bibliographic Code: 2016DPS….4830103S https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016DPS….4830103S/abstract

MPC observation/orbit database
https://minorplanetcenter.net/db_search/show_object?utf8=%E2%9C%93&object_id=29P

JPL Small-Body Database Browser
https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=29P




Published by Charles Bell

The observer at MPC Observatory H47 near Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA

2 thoughts on “29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann Outburst November 19, 2020

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